Japanese Characters

Japanese is the most spoken language in Japan there around are 120 million speakers of Japanese so we should have some knowledge of Japanese Characters. Japanese uses 3 scripts:

  1. Hiragana (pure Japanese language) 
  2. Katakana
  3. Kanji

Hiragana is the purest form of the Japanese alphabet. they have 46 characters

Katakana is also like hiragana but there is a small difference between them, the difference is it is used when we use any English word any foreign word, or any name which is not a Japanese word then we use Katakana,  it is the same as hiragana it also has 46 characters which seem same but sounds different.

Kanji is like a Chinese character that is used in Japanese writing, kanji is not an alphabet but they are used as a special symbol or idea.

Hiragana Characters

あAいIうUえEおO
かKaきKiくKuけKeこKo
さSaしShiすSuせSeそSo
たTaちChiつTsuてTeとTo
なNaにNiぬNuねNeのNo
はHaひHiふFuへHeほHo
まMaみMiむMuめMeもMo
やYaゆYuよYo
らRaりRiるRuれReろRo
わWaをWo

Katakana Characters

ア a イ iウ uエ Eオ o  
Kカ kaキ kiク Kuケ keコ koキャ kya
Sサ saシ shiス Suセ seソ soシャ sha
Tタ taチ chiツ Tsuテ teト toチャ cha
Nナ naニ niヌ Nuネ neノ noニャ nya
Hハ haヒ hiフ Fuヘ heホ hoヒャ hya
Mマ maミ miム Muメ meモ moミャ mya
Yヤ ya ユ Yu ヨ yo 
Rラ raリ riル Ruレ reロ roリャ rya
Wワ wa     
 ン n     
Gガ gaギ giグ Guゲ geゴ goギャ gya
Zザ zaジ jiズ Zuゼ zeゾ zoジャ ja
Dダ daヂ (ji)ヅ (zu)デ deド do 
Bバ baビ biブ Buベ beボ boビャ bya
Pパ paピ piプ Puペ peポ poピャ pya
Fファ faフィ fi フェ feフォ fo 
Tツァ tsaティ tiトゥ Tu   
W   ウェ
we
ウォ wo

Kanji Characters

Sun
One
Big
Year
Middle
to meet
human being, people
Book
moon, month
Long
Country
to go out
up, top
10
Life
Child
Minute
East
Three
to go
Same
Now
high, expensive
money, gold
Time
Hand
to see, to look
City
Power
Rice
Oneself
Before
yen (Japanese currency)
to combine
to stand
Inside
Two
affair, matter
company, society
Person
ground, place
Capital
interval, between
rice field
Body
to study
down, under
Eye
Five
After
New
bright, clear
Direction
Section
.女Woman
Eight
Heart
Four
people, nation
Opposite
main, master
right, correct
to substitute, generation
to say
Nine
Small
to think
Seven
Mountain
Real
to enter
to turn around, time
Place
Field
to open
10,000
Whole
to fix
House
North
Six
Question
to speak
letter, writings
to move
degree, time
Prefecture
Water
inexpensive, peaceful
courtesy name (Mr., Mrs.)
harmonious, peace
government, politics
to maintain, to keep
to express, surface
Way
phase, mutual
mind, meaning
to start, to emit
not, un-, in-
political party

Japanese Characters, Letters & Symbols

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